Surgical treatment of melanoma involves removal of primary melanoma on the skin and surgery of regional lymph nodes or other metastatic changes in the body, depending on the disease stage and metastases operability. For certain stages of primary melanoma, which are determined by microscopic examination of the removed tumor, when the regional nodes are not pathologically altered, a "sentinel node" biopsy of the regional lymph nodes is performed. The development of modern biological therapy for melanoma has significantly improved the treatment for this disease. Surgeons of M.C. Aesculap use combined approaches of biological and surgical therapy to achieve the best possible treatment outcome for the patient.
Surgery of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin in its initial stages is a disease that can be successfully treated by adequate surgical removal of the primary tumor. However, there are biologically more aggressive forms that progress quickly and metastasize to regional lymph nodes at a relatively early stage. The surgery of these metastases is particularly delicate because the tumor shoots affect the surrounding structures to a greater extent than the lymphogenic metastases of other tumors. Detection of metastases in the regional lymph nodes at the earliest possible stage and adequate, timely surgery are necessary for successfully controlling this disease.
Which skin tumors are malignant?
The most dangerous is melanoma, which most often develops from an existing mole (nevus). The risk factors for melanoma formation include exposure to sunlight, genetic predisposition, and chronic mechanical irritation.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma develops from the epithelial skin structures and is successfully treated with timely surgical removal. However, it can also get out of control.
Basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma (basal cell epithelioma) is a relatively common tumoral skin change. It is benign as it never metastasizes and can be successfully treated in all stages with adequate surgical intervention.
When should you visit
People with numerous nevi (over one hundred) must be under constant medical supervision, with periodic check-ups. They must also observe in front of a mirror once a month whether any mole changes in any way (growth, color change, subjective difficulties in the form of itching and burning, etc.). If you notice anything, contact your doctor immediately. Those with a smaller number of moles should periodically examine the most noticeable ones (larger, darker, and unevenly discolored...) and also contact a doctor if they notice a change in appearance.
Moles bigger than 6 mm, as well as those that the doctor assesses as risky for the formation of melanoma, should be preventively surgically removed.
Be responsible, and get checked on time.
Aesculap tim hirurga onkologa
Specijalista onkološke hirurgije
Doktor nauka u oblasti onkološke hirurgije. Profesor na Katedri za hirurgiju Medicinskog fakulteta u Beogradu. Osnivač bolice Aesculap.